What is the treatment for hereditary multiple Exostoses?
The treatment for hereditary multiple exostosis is surgical removal of any growths that are causing pain or discomfort, or disrupting the child’s movement.
How many people have multiple hereditary exostosis?
A small percentage of affected individuals are at risk for development of malignant transformation namely sarcomas. The incidence of hereditary multiple exostoses is around 1 in 50,000 individuals.
What is diaphyseal Aclasis?
Diaphyseal aclasis is a rare disorder of bone development in which multiple, cartilagenous exostoses develop and enlarge mainly on the ends of long bones. It has also been described in the vertebral column where it may give rise to spinal cord compression but has not previously been reported as occurring in the jaws.
Is multiple hereditary Exostoses a disability?
If you or your dependent(s) are diagnosed with Hereditary Multiple Osteochondromas and experience any of these symptoms, you may be eligible for disability benefits from the U.S. Social Security Administration.
Is hereditary multiple Exostoses painful?
Two hundred ninety-three patients with HME completed a questionnaire designed to assess pain as well as its impact on their life. Eighty-four percent of participants reported having pain, indicating that pain is a real problem in HME. Of those with pain, 55.1% had generalized pain.
What problems do exostoses cause?
Further bone growth related to exostosis can ultimately cause pain, discomfort, and blockages of air, mucus, or earwax, depending upon where the exostosis is located. Those with surfer’s ear may also develop complications. The bony growths can cause the ear canal to become blocked, trapping water and earwax inside.
What is removal of exostosis?
An exostectomy is the surgical removal of a bony prominence / outgrowth (exostosis). The aim of the surgery is to remove the bony prominence and reduce pain and deformity as a result.
What is hereditary multiple exostoses (HME)?
Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), also called hereditary multiple osteochondromas, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple osteochondromas that grow near the growth plates of bones such as the ribs, pelvis, vertebrae and especially long bones.
How is hereditary multiple exostosis diagnosed and treated?
A physical exam and X-rays are done to diagnose hereditary multiple exostosis. Treatment for hereditary multiple exostosis may include surgery to remove the bony growths if they are causing the child pain or discomfort.
What is hereditary multiple exostosis (diaphyseal aclasis)?
Hereditary multiple exostosis, also known as diaphyseal aclasis, is a genetic condition often passed down to a child by one parent, but it can also be caused by a genetic mutation, meaning it can occur on its own by a change. The gene for hereditary multiple exostosis produces a protein…
What are the two types of exostosis?
The exostoses are categorized in two ways: sessile or pedunculated. Sessile exostoses are permanently attached or fixed and broad, while pedunculated exostoses are connected by a narrow stem. Hereditary multiple exostosis is usually diagnosed around age 3 or 4, when the first exostosis occurs.