Miscellaneous

What were the Etruscan temple walls built from?

What were the Etruscan temple walls built from?

Temple walls were mud brick, the roof was tiled with terracotta, and wood beams supported the ceiling. Additionally, Etruscan temples used a unique style of column. The Tuscan column was made of wood, was unfluted, and had a base, making it different than the contemporary Greek columns.

Which structure is an Etruscan temple?

Etruscan temples had low wooden roofs covered in tiles that extended beyond the foundation. This created some protection from the elements for the mud-brick structure.

How were Etruscan temples different from Roman temples?

Etruscan temples rested on a podium that was only accessible from steps at the front instead of from steps on all sides like Greek temples. Absence of a peristyle. Etruscan temples had columns only on the front rather than a peristyle around all four sides as many Greek temples did. Building-wide cella.

What was Etruscan architecture made of?

Etruscan architecture looked quite different from the familiar stone temples and gleaming marble statuary of Greek architecture. Constrained by a lack of fine stone, Etruscans built their temples of wood, with terracotta roofs and ornaments. Today the wooden superstructures have almost entirely disintegrated.

What type of column is found on Etruscan temples?

Despite the comparatively short-lived nature of Etruscan religious structures, Etruscan temple design had a huge impact on Renaissance architecture and one can see echoes of Etruscan, or ‘Tuscan,’ columns (doric columns with bases) in many buildings of the Renaissance and later in Italy.

How does Etruscan temple architecture differ from Greek temple architecture?

Unlike Greek temples, which were made of the more stable medium of stone, Etruscan temples were made of wood and mud brick. Entrance was only possibly through a narrow staircase at the center of the front of the temple.

How do we know about Etruscan architecture?

Etruscan architecture was created between about 900 BC and 27 BC, when the expanding civilization of ancient Rome finally absorbed Etruscan civilization. The Etruscans were considerable builders in stone, wood and other materials of temples, houses, tombs and city walls, as well as bridges and roads.