What was the lifestyle of the Taíno?
The Taínos were farmers and fishers, and practiced intensive root crop cultivation in conucos, or small raised plots. Manioc was the principal crop, but potatoes, beans, peanuts, peppers and other plants were also grown. Farming was supplemented with the abundant fish and shellfish animal resources of the region.
What was the Taíno social structure?
The Taínos were divided in three social classes: the naborias (work class), the nitaínos or sub-chiefs and noblemen which includes the bohiques or priests and medicine men and the caciques or chiefs, each village or yucayeque had one.
What did the Tainos used to make their houses?
Houses were built of logs and poles with thatched roofs. Men wore loincloths and women wore aprons of cotton or palm fibres.
What was the Taino lifestyle before Columbus’s voyage?
In South America, the Arawak-speaking ancestors of the Taíno had a lifestyle that centered around the growing of manioc and other root crops, hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants. This lifestyle adapted to the islands and the sea, rather than separating them, seemed to unite them.
What best describe the Tainos?
In appearance the Taino were short and muscular and had a brown olive complexion and straight hair. They wore little clothes but decorated their bodies with dyes. Religion was a very important aspect of their lives and they were mainly an agricultural people although they did have some technological innovations.
How was the lifestyle of the Taino linked to their economic activities?
The Taíno economy was based in agriculture, hunting, and fishing, as well as the trading of those products. Taíno society included pastimes like music and poetry, as well as a popular ballgame.
What was the Taíno lifestyle before Columbus’s voyage?
How was the lifestyle of the Taíno linked to their economic activities?
How were the Tainos treated by the Spaniards?
In Haiti and the Dominican Republic (which they name Hispaniola), Spanish colonists force Taino people into slave labor, mutilate them, or kill them. Columbus loads his ship with enslaved Taino people.
How did Columbus view the Taíno?
When Christopher Columbus arrived on the Bahamian Island of Guanahani (San Salvador) in 1492, he encountered the Taíno people, whom he described in letters as “naked as the day they were born.” The Taíno had complex hierarchical religious, political, and social systems.
What is the Taino house called?
The Taínos built large round houses called caney, where several families lived. The cacique and his family lived in a rectangular house called bohio. People slept on cotton hammocks (hamacas).
What was Taíno society like?
Taíno society was textured and varied, but also ordered. In any Taíno society, people existed within a hierarchical structure. At the very top were a class of noble rulers and priests.
What kind of houses did the Taíno tribe live in?
Most Taíno people lived in circular huts, but the cacique lived in a rectangular hut that was in the center of the village. While all relatively small in size, these structures could withstand the hurricane-strength winds that ravished the islands every year, which is no small feat.
What is the lifestyle of the Arawak Taino?
Taino Lifestyle. LIFESTYLE OF THE ARAWAK/TAINO. The Arawak/Taino society was basically a very gentle culture. It was characterized by happiness, friendliness and a highly organized hierarchical, paternal society, and a lack of guile.
How did the natives of the interior differ from the Taíno?
The natives of the interior relied more on agriculture and de-emphasized meat or fish in their diet. The Taíno had a developed system of agriculture which was environmentally friendly and almost maintenance free.