What is the treatment for an arachnoid cyst in the brain?

What is the treatment for an arachnoid cyst in the brain?

Most arachnoid cysts are stable and do not require treatment. They are four times more common in boys than in girls. Arachnoid cysts are diagnosed with a CT or MRI scan. Treatment, if necessary, involves draining the fluid through surgery or shunting.

Is CT myelogram painful?

Is a CT myelogram painful? Some patients report discomfort during the injection of the dye; others do not. The CT scan is not painful.

Can arachnoid cyst be seen in CT?

Arachnoid cysts are cystic extra-axial lesions of the brain. On CT scans they are observed with a similar density to CSF, with sharp non-enhancing borders. The main differential diagnosis is the epidermoid cyst which present with irregular borders, while the arachnoid cyst is sharp but smooth.

When does an arachnoid cyst need surgery?

If your child has a cyst without symptoms, the doctor may just watch the cyst to make sure it does not change size. If an arachnoid cyst is causing symptoms, your child may need surgery to remove it. Depending on your child’s needs, the neurosurgeon will recommend 1 of 2 surgeries to remove the cyst.

What is the treatment for a brain cyst?

To remove these, your healthcare provider may use special surgical methods with tiny endoscopic tools sent through a thin tube into the brain. Pineal cysts often cause no problems. It’s often possible to manage these by watching for any changes. Tumor cysts can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.

How is a CT myelogram performed?

This test is also called myelography. The contrast dye is injected into the spinal column before the procedure. The contrast dye appears on an X-ray screen allowing the radiologist to see the spinal cord, subarachnoid space, and other nearby structures more clearly than with standard X-rays of the spine.

What shows up on a CT myelogram?

A myelogram is able to show your spinal cord, spinal nerves, nerve roots, and bones in the spine by injecting contrast into your spinal fluid. As a result, it will also reveal whether anything is pressing against your spinal cord or nerves.

Are you sedated during a CT myelogram?

A myelogram is an outpatient procedure that takes about an hour. You will be asked to remove clothing and jewelry that may interfere with the test. You will lie down on a padded table and will receive sedation (medication to make you drowsy and relaxed).

Can a CT scan detect a cyst?

CT scans show the location, size, and shape of the tumor or cyst. Because CT scans provide clear and accurate information, your medical practitioner may use a scan to guide a needle biopsy.