What is the most common tarsal coalition?
The two most common sites of tarsal coalition are between the calcaneus and navicular bones, or between the talus and calcaneus bones. However, other joints can also be affected. It is estimated that one out of every 100 people may have a tarsal coalition. In about 50% of cases, both feet are affected.
What is a tarsal coalition?
Tarsal coalition is an abnormal connection between two or more bones in the back of the foot. The condition can cause pain, stiffness and affect daily activities.
What is a tarsal coalition resection?
Resection. The most common surgical option for tarsal coalition, resection involves removing the coalition and replacing it with tissue or muscle from another area of your body. Resection can preserve normal foot function in most people. Fusion. Severe cases of tarsal coalition may be treated with joint fusion.
What would happen if tarsal coalition goes untreated?
What if tarsal coalition goes untreated? Over time, a child, teen, or young adult may experience enough pain that they can’t do the activities they enjoy. Later in life, they may have a very stiff foot (indicating a large coalition). The foot may be so stiff and painful that surgical repair is no longer an option.
What is a talocalcaneal coalition?
Talocalcaneal coalition or peroneal spastic foot or subtalar coalition is an anomalous connection between the talus and the calcaneum that can present with painful and rigid flat-foot in older children and adolescents.
Is tarsal coalition congenital?
Congenital tarsal coalition is a diagnosis that is often overlooked in young patients who first present with foot and ankle pain. Calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal coalitions are encountered most frequently; fusion at other sites is much less common. Tarsal coalitions may be osseous, cartilaginous, or fibrous.
What is tarsal coalition syndrome?
Tarsal Coalition is a common congenital condition caused by failure of embryonic segmentation leading to abnormal coalition 2 or more of the tarsal bones. The condition is usually asymptomatic, but may present with a flatfoot deformity or recurrent ankle sprains.
What bones make up the tarsal coalition?
The bones of the feet are commonly divided into three parts: the hindfoot, midfoot, and forefoot. Seven bones — called tarsals — compose the hindfoot and midfoot. Of these bones, the calcaneus, talus, and navicular are most commonly involved in tarsal coalition.
What is the rate of incidence of Tarsal coalition?
It is estimated that one out of every 100 people may have a tarsal coalition. In about 50% of cases, both feet are affected. The exact incidence of the disorder is hard to determine because many coalitions never cause noticeable symptoms.
What is the best way to see tarsal coalitions?
Many coalitions are visible on x-rays. Computed tomography (CT) scans. The images produced with computed tomography provide greater detail of the bones. CT scans are the gold standard for imaging tarsal coalitions because they can show more subtle bars that may be missed with plain x-rays.