What is the historical significance of the behistun inscription?
The inscription, carved shortly after Darius’s accession to the throne between 520 and 518 BCE, gives autobiographical, historical, royal and religious information about Darius: the Behistun text is one of several pieces of propaganda establishing Darius’s right to rule.
Why is the behistun rock significant?
At the mountain of Behistun, Darius carved a huge billboard in the stone cliff to record the struggles he faced in gaining the throne. Darius’ monument, displayed in a picture, and text printed in three languages, was critical to scholars who used the texts as a way to decipher the Persian and Babylonian languages.
What is the importance of the carving at Mt bisotun?
The Bisotun inscription is unique, being the only known monumental text of the Achaemenids to document a specific historic event, that of the re-establishment of the empire by Darius I the Great. It was the first cuneiform writing to be deciphered in the 19th century.
Who is depicted lying underneath Darius’s feet on the behistun inscription?
Darius overlooks nine representatives of conquered peoples, their necks tied. A tenth figure, badly damaged, is laying under the king’s feet. Above these thirteen people is a representation of the supreme god Ahuramazda.
How do you pronounce Behistun?
- Phonetic spelling of Behistun. Be-his-tun.
- Examples of in a sentence. It was, however, only natural that its adherents should be won, first and chiefly, among the countrymen of the prophet, and its further success in gaining over all the Iranian tribes gave it a national stamp.
- Translations of Behistun. Russian : Бехистун
Who made the behistun inscription?
Darius I of Persia
The text of the inscription is a statement by Darius I of Persia, written three times in three different scripts and languages: two languages side by side, Old Persian and Elamite, and Babylonian above them.
Who created the Cyrus Cylinder?
Cyrus the Great
The Cyrus Cylinder is a document issued by Cyrus the Great, consisting of a cylinder of clay inscribed in Akkadian cuneiform script. The cylinder was created in 539 BCE, surely by order of Cyrus the Great, when he took Babylon from Nabonidus, ending the Neo-Babylonian empire.
What language did Cyrus the Great speak?
“I am Cyrus the King, an Achaemenian” in Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian languages.
What religion was Cyrus the Great?
Zoroastrianism shaped one of the ancient world’s largest empires—the mighty Persia Empire. It was the state religion of three major Persian dynasties. Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, was a devout Zoroastrian.