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What is terson syndrome?

What is terson syndrome?

Abstract. Terson’s syndrome refers to the occurrence of vitreous hemorrhage with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), usually due to a ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Although it is a well-described entity in the ophthalmological literature, it has been only rarely commented upon in the neurosurgical discussion of SAH.

What is macula off retinal detachment?

One of the key findings to note in retinal detachments is if the macula is attached (macula-on) or macula-detached (macula-off). It is the status of the macula that defines the urgency with which surgical repair should be undertaken.

What is Purtscher retinopathy?

Purtscher retinopathy is a hemorrhagic and vasoocclusive vasculopathy, which, in 1912, was first described as a syndrome of sudden blindness associated with severe head trauma. These patients had findings of multiple white retinal patches and retinal hemorrhages that were associated with severe vision loss.

What is Xanthochromic mean?

Medical Definition of xanthochromic : having a yellowish discoloration xanthochromic cerebrospinal fluid.

Is vitreous hemorrhage curable?

Small vitreous hemorrhages may be treatable with a laser treatment that repairs the bleeding vessels and tears in the retina, if applicable. Once the source of bleeding has been repaired, it can take several weeks for the blood that has accumulated in the eye to clear.

What is the treatment for vitreous hemorrhage?

Treatment of vitreous hemorrhage depends on the underlying cause. In symptomatic retinal tears with vitreous hemorrhage, laser or cryotherapy is generally indicated. In retinal detachment, pars plana vitrectomy or scleral buckling surgery is indicated.

What is Preretinal hemorrhage?

Preretinal hemorrhage is a known complication of diabetic retinopathy. 1 Typically patients present with painless loss of vision due to the blood accumulation in the premacular area between the retina and posterior hyaloid face, or under the internal limiting membrane.

What causes a vitreous hemorrhage?

The most common causes, accounting for about 90% of all cases of vitreous haemorrhage, are: Bleeding from abnormal new blood vessels forming in advanced diabetic eye disease. Bleeding from tears in the retina caused by vitreous detachment (see below). Trauma to the eye (the most common cause in younger people).

How long does it take for blood in the vitreous to clear?

What is Subhyaloid haemorrhage?

A SUBHYALOID hemorrhage is an intraocular collection of blood that remains contained in a self-created, previously nonexistent space, usually between the posterior limiting layer of the vitreous and the retina.

How do you treat a Subhyaloid hemorrhage?

Pars plana vitrectomy, hyaloidotomy with Nd:YAG laser, or observation alone are all accepted treatment options for subhyaloid hemorrhage.

What is a Subhyaloid hemorrhage?

How do you get rid of vitreous hemorrhage?

A vitrectomy corrects vitreous hemorrhages by removing a part of or the entire vitreous. If the hemorrhage is mild, surgery may not be necessary. If the hemorrhage is severe, immediate surgery may be necessary as it may indicate an urgent situation such as a retinal detachment.