Table of Contents
What is meant by original jurisdiction?
Definition. A court’s power to hear and decide a case before any appellate review. A trial court must necessarily have original jurisdiction over the types of cases it hears.
What is meant by original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court has been given original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. Article 131 speaks of the original jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction means the power to hear and determine a dispute in the first instance.
What is original jurisdiction cite examples?
For example, juvenile court has original jurisdiction over matters involving persons under 18. Family court, likewise, might have original jurisdiction over matters involving divorces and custody of children.
What is the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction?
Original jurisdiction is the right of a court to hear a case for the first time. It can be distinguished from appellate jurisdiction which is the right of a court to review a case that has already been heard and decided upon by a lower court.
What authority does original jurisdiction have?
Original jurisdiction is the power of a court to hear and decide a case before it has been heard and decided by any lower court. In other words, it is a court’s power to hear and decide a case before any appellate review.
How does original jurisdiction happen?
Original jurisdiction is when a court has the power to hear the case at its very beginning, not on appeal. Original jurisdiction is different from appellate jurisdiction. Instead of suing in a state or federal trial level court, a lawsuit between two states will be be heard in the Supreme Court of the United States.
What is original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court has been given exclusive original jurisdiction which extends to disputes (a) between the Government of India and one or more States, (b) between the Government of India and one or more States on one side and one or more States on the other, (c) between two or more States.
What types of cases are original jurisdiction?
The Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction applies to cases involving: disputes between states, actions involving various public officials, disputes between the United States and a state, and proceedings by a state against the citizens or aliens of another state.