What is Colin Mackenzie known for?
Colin Mackenzie: The Scotsman Who Became The First Surveyor General Of India. India’s first Surveyor General started out as an engineer but found his calling as an archivist and cartographer. The largest volume of historical data ever collected about India was made by a Scotsman in the 18th-19th century.
When did Colin Mackenzie visited Vijayanagara?
In 1799 the first British antiquarian, Colin Mackenzie, the future Surveyor General of India, visited the ruins, collected some manuscripts, had some watercolours painted of monuments and made the first map of the site.
Who was sir Colin Mackenzie*?
Colonel Colin Mackenzie CB (1754–8 May 1821) was Scottish army officer in the British East India Company who later became the first Surveyor General of India. He was a collector of antiquities and an orientalist.
Why did Colin Mackenzie start the survey?
He embarked on collecting local histories and surveying historic sites in order to better understand India’s past and make governance of the colony easier. He says that “It struggled long under the miseries of bad management …. before the South came under the benign influence of the British Government”.
When did Macpi discover Hampi?
The ruins at Hampi were brought to light in 1800 by Colonel Colin Mackenzie. Hampi, the capital city of the Vijayanagara empire, was discovered by Colonel Colin Mackenzie. Mackenzie, who was a well-known engineer, surveyor, and cartographer visited Hampi in 1800. He prepared the first survey of Hampi.
Who provided the initial information to Colin Mackenzie about Vijayanagara?
(2) Mackenzie collected the local histories and surveyed the historic sites to understand India’s past. He received information from the priests of the Virupaksha temple and shrine of Pampadevi. Inscriptions and the accounts of foreign travellers were the important sources to rediscover the Vijayanagar Empire.
Who was Colin Mackenzie discuss his contribution to the history of Vijayanagar?
(a) (i) Colin Mackenzie was an employee of the East India company. He was an eminent engineer, surveyor and cartographer. (b) 1. In 1815 Mackenzie was appointed the first surveyor general of India and worked till his death in 1821.
Who was Colin Mackenzie determine his contribution to the history of Vijayanagara?
(1) Colin Mackenzie (1754-1821) was the employee of East India Company. He was an engineer, surveyor and cartographer who in 1800 brought to light the ruins at Hampi. He was the first Surveyor General of India. (2) Mackenzie collected the local histories and surveyed the historic sites to understand India’s past.
What was the purpose behind Colin Mackenzie studying the Vijayanagara empire?
(ii) Colin Mackenzie studied Vijayanagara empire because it was a great empire during 1500s in southern India and thus wanted to learn about the customs and norms of the south Indian society by studying the history of this great empire, which he believed still existed among the native tribes.
Who founded the Vijayanagara empire in 1336 CE?
The kingdom of Vijayanagar was founded by Harihara and Bukka, two of five brothers (surnamed Sangama) who had served in the administrations of both Kakatiya and Kampili before those kingdoms were conquered by the armies of the Delhi sultanate in the 1320s.
Who was Colin Mackenzie on which things his initial information about Hampi was based?
Colin Mackenzie was an engineer and antiquarian. He was an employee of the East India Company. He prepared the first survey of the Hampi. His initial information about this city was based on the memories of priests of the Virupaksha temple and the shrine of Pampadevi.
How did Mackenzie discover Hampi?
An engineer and antiquarian Colonel Colin Mackenzie brought the ruins of Hampi to light in 1800. He was an employee in East India Company. He prepared the first survey map of this site. His initial informations were based on the memories of priest of the Virupaksha temple and shrine of Pampadevi.