What is a Peripteral temple plan?

What is a Peripteral temple plan?

A type of temple where the columns of the portico are continued around the sides and rear of the structure. Almost all Ancient Greek temples follow this plan.

What is a Opisthodomos used for?

In modern scholarship, it usually refers to the rear porch of a temple. On the Athenian Acropolis especially, the opisthodomos came to be a treasury, where the revenues and precious dedications of the temple were kept. Its use in antiquity was not standardised.

What was the purpose of Greek temples?

The purpose of a Greek temple was usually to house a cult statue or emblem. Religion did not require people to gather inside the temple to worship, and their temples were primarily monuments to the gods. The most recognizable feature of the Greek temple are the massive columns.

What was the term for the central room of the Roman Temple?

A cella (from Latin for small chamber) or naos (from the Greek ναός, “temple”) is the inner chamber of an ancient Greek or Roman temple in classical antiquity.

What is an Amphiprostyle temple plan?

In classical architecture, amphiprostyle (from the Greek ἀμφί (amphi), on both sides, and πρόστυλος (prostylos), a portico) denotes an ancient temple with a portico both at the front and the rear, where the columns on the narrow sides are not between antae.

What does the term peripteral mean?

Definition of peripteral 1 : having a row of columns on all sides : peristylar. 2 : relating to or characterized by the motions of the air surrounding a moving body.

Did Roman temples have opisthodomos?

Usually an open porch or vestibule (pronaos), with pillars in front, stood before the cella, and in it were exposed the dedicatory offerings. There was often also an inner chamber behind the image (opisthodomos) which served for various purposes, the valuables and money belonging to the temple being often kept there.

What was the Propylaea used for?

Propylaea is the name given to monumental gates or entranceways to a specific space, usually to a temple or religious complex and as such they acted as a symbolic partition between the secular and religious parts of a city.

What was the significance of the Greek temple to ancient life in Greece?

Ancient Greek temples were not built as a place of worship like the sanctuaries and altars were (although some temples resided inside sanctuaries). Instead, it was considered as the home of the deity it was dedicated to, who helped to protect and sustain the communities.

What did the Sophists believe?

They were secular atheists, relativists and cynical about religious beliefs and all traditions. They believed and taught that “might makes right”. They were pragmatists trusting in whatever works to bring about the desired end at whatever the cost.