What does saturation in chemistry mean?
saturation, any of several physical or chemical conditions defined by the existence of an equilibrium between pairs of opposing forces or of an exact balance of the rates of opposing processes.
How do you read a saturation curve?
Trace the solubility of a substance with increasing temperature.
- The curved line represents saturation.
- Below the curve, the solution is unsaturated.
- Above the curve the solution is supersaturated. This means there is more solute than the solution can hold.
How do you describe a saturated solution?
saturated solution definition. A solution in which the maximum amount of solvent has been dissolved. Any more solute added will sit as crystals on the bottom of the container.
How do you know if a saturated is supersaturated or unsaturated?
It’s easy to tell if a solution is unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated by adding a very small amount of solute. If the solution is unsaturated, the solute will dissolve. If the solution is saturated, it won’t. If the solution is supersaturated, crystals will very quickly form around the solute you’ve added.
What does saturated mean in terms of hydrocarbons?
A Saturated hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon in which all the carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds. A hydrocarbon is an organic compound whose only constituents are carbon and hydrogen.
What determines the saturation point?
The saturation point in a chemical solution in physical chemistry is dictated by the temperature and pressure a solution is at, as well as the chemical nature of the individual substances in the solution.
What happens when a solution is saturated?
A saturated solution is a chemical solution containing the maximum concentration of a solute dissolved in the solvent. The additional solute will not dissolve in a saturated solution. The amount of solute that can be dissolved in a solvent to form a saturated solution depends on a variety of factors.
What factors affect saturation?
Elements that affect a solution’s saturation include:
- the solution’s temperature (warmer solution is more soluble)
- the solution’s pressure.
- the chemical makeup of substances involved.
- the concentration and amount of solute.
What is a saturated solution called?
A saturated solution is a solution in which the maximum amount of solute is dissolved under the current conditions. A saturated solution is a solution that contains maximum amount of the solute that can be dissolved in a given amount of the solvent at a particular temperature is called a saturated solution.
How do you determine saturation?
How can you tell if a solution is saturated or unsaturated? If more solute is added and it does not dissolve, then the original solution was saturated. If the added solute dissolves, then the original solution was unsaturated.
What is saturated compound?
n. An organic compound in which all the carbon atoms are connected by single bonds.
What is iron saturation?
(Background Information) Iron saturation is an approximation of iron stores in the body. It takes into account 2 other indices: Serum iron and total iron binding capacity Ionic iron, Fe2+, is needed for proper red blood cell function.
What is transferrin saturation and how is it calculated?
Transferrin saturation can be calculated by using the serum iron concentration and one of the following: total iron binding capacity, unsaturated iron binding capacity, or transferrin level. The serum iron concentration, although often elevated in hemochromatosis, has been a less reliable test than the transferrin saturation.
What is the difference between TIBC and iron% saturation?
Iron (transferrin) % saturation is calculated by an equation using plasma iron and transferrin. TIBC is a calculated parameter derived from the transferrin plasma concentration.
How to test if an organic compound is saturated or unsaturated?
The organic compound to be tested is taken in a test tube. Dissolve it in 2ml of distilled water. Add bromine water drop wise with constant shaking. If the orange red colour of bromine disappears then the given organic compound is unsaturated.