What are the symptoms of eosinophilic granuloma in cats?
The lesions range from small and barely noticeable ulcers to large and extensive ulcers that disfigure the lips. Bleeding occurs from some lesions. Eosinophilic granulomas may also develop in the mouth, especially along the gums and palate, or on other areas of the body.
Is eosinophilic granuloma painful in cats?
Eosinophilic ulcers (also called “rodent ulcers” or indolent ulcers) are well-defined, red, skin ulcers that are usually not painful or itchy. They are most commonly found on the upper lip. Progression to squamous cell carcinoma is extremely rare, although it can occur.
How did my cat get eosinophilic granuloma?
Since eosinophilic ulcers are part of the EGC, they are generally caused by some sort of allergic disease. Flea bite hypersensitivity is the most common culprit. Feline atopy, insect bite hypersensitivity, food allergies, inflammation, or trauma can also cause the lesions.
Is eosinophilic granuloma in cats contagious?
EGC is not contagious to other cats. It is an inflammatory condition caused by an inappropriate response by the cat’s immune system to some type of allergen (fleas or mosquitos, pollen, plastics, or foods/proteins) though in some cases, the underlying trigger cannot be identified.
What is cat granuloma?
The term eosinophilic granuloma complex (EGC) refers to a group of inflammatory skin problems in cats. Different clinical forms of the disease are recognised, although the underlying inflammatory response often appears very similar.
How do you treat eosinophilic granuloma?
Treatment for eosinophilic granuloma depends on several factors and usually includes a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and corticosteroids. However, for some patients, close observation alone may be the appropriate course of action.
Is eosinophilic granuloma in cats hereditary?
The genetics are unknown, although several reports of related affected individuals and a study of disease development in a colony of cats indicate that in at least some individuals, genetic susceptibility (perhaps resulting in an inheritable dysfunction of eosinophils) is a significant component of the disease.
How to treat eosinophilic granuloma in cats?
Some cats respond to elimination or hypoallergenic diets, suggesting an underlying food allergy as the cause. Most cats diagnosed with feline eosinophilic granuloma complex would benefit from a hypoallergenic food trial. “Corticosteroids are the most common treatment to control the symptoms of eosinophilic granuloma complex. “.
What does eosinophilic granuloma complex mean?
The term eosinophilic granuloma complex (EGC) refers to a group of inflammatory skin problems in cats. Different clinical forms of the disease are recognised, although the underlying inflammatory response often appears very similar. It appears that EGC is a form of ‘reaction pattern’ seen in the skin of cats that may potentially be initiated by
Is eosinophilic granuloma of the hindlegs associated with flea allergy?
Eosinophilic granuloma of the hindlegs has been associated with the underlying disease of flea allergy; it has also been seen with an apparently genetic predilection in a colony of specific pathogen-free (SPF) cats. The author has seen cases affecting the footpads which were associated with certain types of cat litter.
What does an eosinophilic plaque lesion look like in cats?
Less frequently observed are eosinophilic plaque lesions, which, he says, look like “red, angry hives” and appear most commonly on an animal’s abdomen or thighs. And he describes an indolent ulcer as a pustulent sore typically observed on one or both sides of a cat’s upper lip.