Table of Contents
What are the symptoms of cerebral vasculitis?
Symptoms of CNS vasculitis may include:
- New, severe headaches.
- Strokes or transient ischemic attacks (mini-strokes)
- Significant forgetfulness or confusion.
- Weakness, especially of the limbs.
- Loss of balance and gait disturbance.
- Vision loss.
What is cerebral vasculopathy?
Cerebral vasculitis is a rare cause of juvenile stroke. It may occur as primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) or as CNS manifestation in the setting of systemic vasculitis. Clinical hints for vasculitis are headache, stroke, seizures, encephalopathy and signs of a systemic inflammatory disorder.
What causes cerebral vasculitis?
Primary CNS Vasculitis results from an auto-immune attack on the blood vessels supplying the brain and spinal cord. Such inflammation results in the blockage of these vessels, and thus stops the flow of blood to parts of the brain or spinal cord. Cessation of blood flow to an area of tissue is known as ischemia.
Is vasculitis in the brain fatal?
CNS vasculitis is a serious condition. The inflamed vessel wall can block the flow of oxygen to the brain, causing a loss of brain function and ultimately strokes. In some cases, CNS vasculitis is life-threatening. It’s important to get treatment for this condition.
Can cerebral vasculitis be cured?
There is no cure for CNS vasculitis at this time, however it is treatable. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent potentially life-threatening loss of brain function or stroke.
Will vasculitis show on MRI?
MRI / MRA: MRI is another imaging modality that can be useful for diagnosing and following systemic vasculitis; particularly large vessel vasculitis. MRI allows for visualization of the vessel wall. In vasculitis, the vessel wall may be thickened or edematous.