How is molar incisor Hypomineralization treated?

How is molar incisor Hypomineralization treated?

Depending on the severity, MIH-affected molars have traditionally been treated with resin-based sealants and fillings, stainless steel crowns (SSCs), or even with oral surgeon and orthodontic referrals for extraction and second molar substitution.

Does molar incisor have hypomineralisation?

Hypomineralisation most commonly affects the first adult molars and incisors (front teeth), this condition is known as molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH). The adult molars may break down quickly due to biting forces, however the incisors are usually only mildly affected but may create an aesthetic issue.

What causes molar incisor Hypomineralization?

MIH is considered a worldwide problem and usually occurs in children under 10 years old. This developmental condition is caused by the lack of mineralisation of enamel during its maturation phase, due to interruption to the function of ameloblasts.

How do you fix Hypomineralization?

Can hypomineralisation be treated?

  1. Desensitising agents such as Tooth Mousse.
  2. Fissure sealants.
  3. Fillings.
  4. Stainless Steel Crowns.
  5. Extractions for more severe cases.

What is the prevalence of molar incisor Hypomineralization?

The estimated prevalence of MIH was estimated at 13.5%. Moderate to severe cases of MIH were estimated at 36.3%. Affected incisors were seen in 36.6% of the cases. The prevalence of hypomineralization of the second primary molars in MIH cases was estimated at 3.6%.

Is Hypomineralization hereditary?

This is a genetic condition which results in enamel that is hypoplastic, hypomature, or hypomineralised. In this condition, all teeth in both dentitions are affected and a familial history is often present.

What causes Hypomineralization in children?

What causes chalky teeth? Hypomineralisation is a genetic predisposition, and it is usually picked up during paediatric dental appointments. It can also occur due to poor nutrition or an excess supply of fluoride during the development of dental structures in early childhood.

How common is molar incisor Hypomineralisation?

Molar-Incisor-Hypomineralisation (MIH) is the term used to depict a condition in which one or more of the permanent molar teeth and usually no less than one incisor tooth is hypomineralised and the prevalence rates vary from 2.4 to 40.2%.

Is Hypomineralization genetic?

Background: The etiology of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) remains unknown. Studies indicate that it is multifactorial, and that genetic and environmental factors are involved.