Table of Contents
How do you check cranial nerve 9?
Cranial Nerves 9 & 10 – Motor The motor division of CN 9 & 10 is tested by having the patient say “ah” or “kah”. The palate should rise symmetrically and there should be little nasal air escape. With unilateral weakness the uvula will deviate toward the normal side because that side of the palate is pulled up higher.
How do you examine vagus nerve?
To test the vagus nerve, a doctor may check the gag reflex . During this part of the examination, the doctor may use a soft cotton swab to tickle the back of the throat on both sides. This should cause the person to gag.
What happens if cranial nerve 9 is damaged?
Glossopharyngeal nerve lesions produce difficulty swallowing; impairment of taste over the posterior one-third of the tongue and palate; impaired sensation over the posterior one-third of the tongue, palate, and pharynx; an absent gag reflex; and dysfunction of the parotid gland.
How each cranial nerve is tested?
Light touch is tested in each of the three divisions of the trigeminal nerve and on each side of the face using a cotton wisp or tissue paper. The ophthalmic division is tested by touching the forehead, the maxillary division is tested by touching the cheeks, and the mandibular division is tested by touching the chin.
How are cranial nerves tested?
Extraocular movements controlled by these nerves are tested by asking the patient to follow a moving target (eg, examiner’s finger, penlight) to all 4 quadrants (including across the midline) and toward the tip of the nose; this test can detect nystagmus and palsies of ocular muscles.
Why do we test cranial nerves?
CRANIAL NERVES The cranial nerve examination may reveal signs of sensory or motor dysfunction that could affect gait. Decreased visual acuity, visual field deficits, or visual neglect may cause a patient to adopt a cautious gait pattern and may contribute to falls.
Which cranial nerves are tested together?
The 9th (glossopharyngeal) and 10th (vagus) cranial nerves are usually evaluated together. Whether the palate elevates symmetrically when the patient says “ah” is noted. If one side is paretic, the uvula is lifted away from the paretic side.
What muscles does CN 9 innervate?
3 days ago
The axons that belong to the glossopharyngeal nerve provide motor innervation to the stylopharyngeus muscle and the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle.