How do functional groups affect TLC?

How do functional groups affect TLC?

The functional groups of a given solution dictate its behavior on the TLC plate. As discussed, the mobile phase, or solvent system, carries the solution up the plate, or stationary phase. It should move slowly up the TLC plate, “sticking” to the silica gel.

How do you determine the polarity of a TLC plate?

The stronger a compound is bound to the adsorbent , the slower it moves up the TLC plate. Non-polar compounds move up the plate most rapidly (higher Rf value), whereas polar substances travel up the TLC plate slowly or not at all (lower Rf value). 1.

Does TLC separate based on polarity?

Background. Thin layer chromatography (TLC) is a tried and true method for the separation of components in a mixture based on the polarity of the individual components. When a standard is included, this method can also be used for the identification of each component of the mixture.

Which compound is more polar on a TLC plate?

Answer: Alumina is more polar than is silica (see the first paragraph under “The Adsorbent” in the TLC section). Therefore, each of the compounds would travel slower on an alumina TLC plate than on a silica TLC plate, and the Rf values for each of the compounds would be smaller.

How does polarity affect TLC?

The more polar the compound, the more it will adhere to the adsorbent and the smaller the distance it will travel from the baseline, and the lower its Rf value.

Is hexane polar or nonpolar?

Hexane is a non-polar solvent with a boiling point of 68°C, and is therefore the solvent of choice for oil extraction from rice bran to yield rice bran oil (RBO).

Is TLC normal phase or reverse phase?

In this laboratory, you will be using both types: the TLC plates are normal phase and the HPLC column is reverse-phase.

Do polar molecules move further in TLC?

Polar molecules will be more strongly attracted to polar solvents, and so would move further if a polar solvent was used as opposed to a non-polar solvent.

Is Etoac polar?

Ethyl acetate is a polar compound due to the two highly electronegative oxygen atoms on the carbonyl and ethyl groups: There are two dipole moments on the molecule (pardon my bad drawing) as shown.

Is diethyl ether polar or nonpolar?

non-polar solvent
Dear Peter, Diethyl ether is considered as a non-polar solvent due to its low dielectric constant. Peter, Diethyl ether is a solvent with very low polarity (non-polar).

What is reverse TLC?

Reversed-phase chromatography is a technique using alkyl chains covalently bonded to the stationary phase particles in order to create a hydrophobic stationary phase, which has a stronger affinity for hydrophobic or less polar compounds.